The Tet Offensive was the real turning point in the Vietnam War. On its 40th anniversary, Alan Woods analysed the events that led to the Vietnam War and the significance of the Tet Offensive in bringing about the defeat of US imperialism, and drew some parallels with Iraq.
The campaign consisting of multiple surprise attacks was launched in the early morning of January 30, — the first day of Tet Lunar New Year in South Vietnam.
Background At the end ofafter three years of direct intervention in Vietnam, the U. Army did not make any noticeable progress on dealing with the Communist guerilla tactics, and there was little sign that the U.
As the war was escalated, American public kept raising more and more questions about its involvement in Vietnam. According to the Gallup polls, the percentage of Americans who believed that the U.
To calm the public down, many government officials and military Generals began to speak confident words about Vietnam.
Vice President Humphrey asserted that the U. General Bruce Palmer, Jr. Battle of Khe Sanh In the fall ofthe North Vietnamese Army began to conducted a series of attacks on American garrisons in the central of Vietnam, near Laos and Cambodia borders.
However, that seemed like a trap set up by the NVA. The more forces transferred to Khe Sanh, the less alert the troops in other South Vietnamese cities became. Seizing the opportunity, in the early morning of January 30ththe NVA and Viet Cong launched a massive offensive throughout South Vietnam, which was later widely known as the Tet Offensive.
The Offensive In the next morning after the first attacks, around 80, communists soldiers spread all over South Vietnam. More than towns and cities, including 36 provincial capitals, five autonomous cities, 72 district towns were under attack.
Most attacks targeted government building and military bases. Despite initial surprise from both the U. In most of the places, local militia and ARVN forces held the defence, the communists were driven out within two or three days.
Battle of Hue The Battle of Hue, also known as the Siege of Hue, began on January 30 and became one of the longest and bloodiest battles during the Tet Offensive and the whole war in general.
At the time of the offensive, Hue was so poorly defended and fortified that the NVA forces was able to occupy most of the city quickly. On the next day, the ARVN began to retake all the northern banks of the river.
In the south, the U. By February 9, the southern banks had been cleared.
However, fighting still continued in the Citadel. During this time, several thousands of civilians who had cooperated with the U.
As the conflict occurred across the country, many other towns and villages suffered terrible devastation andSouth Vietnamese people were displaced. First, the offensive inflicted high casualties on American forces all of a sudden.
Second and more importantly, it shocked the American public and left a profound impact on its government since the Tet proved that Hanoi was capable of launching such a massive military effort and the war still had a long way to the end, which was totally opposite to what their leaders had told them.
The communist psychological victory was illustrated by the vast numbers of American people who changed their views about the war after Tet. Anti-war protests increased dramatically and took place on a larger scale.
Under dramatic plunge in support, President Johnson halted the bombing campaign against North Vietnam so as to start peace talks with them, and at the same time, withdrew from the presidential election. In South Vietnam, General W. You Might Also Like:The Tet Offensive was launched by North Vietnam in early during the Vietnam War and though defeated it changed public perception of the conflict.
Vietnam War Chiến tranh Việt Nam (); Part of the Indochina Wars and the Cold War: Clockwise, from top left: U.S. combat operations in Ia Đrăng, ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the Tết Offensive, two A-4C Skyhawks after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the Easter Offensive, civilians fleeing the Battle of Quảng Trị, and burial of.
The Tet Offensive was the real turning point in the Vietnam War. On its In the early hours of 31st January , 70, North Vietnamese soldiers, together with guerrilla fighters of the NLF, launched one of the most daring military campaigns in history.
During the early morning hours of 4 May, communist units initiated the second phase of the offensive (known by the South Vietnamese and Americans as "Mini-Tet") by striking targets throughout South Vietnam, including Saigon.
The Importance of the Vietnam War’s Tet Offensive. Gregory Daddis.
January 29, Nowhere was this truer than during the Tet offensive. In late January, beginning on the most sacred of Vietnamese holidays, communist forces launched a sweeping assault across the breadth of South Vietnam.
“We lost the Vietnam War by choice. Map of the Tet Offensive during the Vietnam War. Map of the Tet Offensive during the Vietnam War Find this Pin and more on McKenzie english research by McKenzie Garner.
Vietnam War Map details for the computer strategy game Lux Delux.