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An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse".
Aldous Huxleya leading essayist, gives guidance on the subject. Furthermore, Huxley argues that "essays belong to a literary species whose extreme variability can be studied most effectively within a three-poled frame of reference".
These three poles or worlds in which the essay may exist are: The personal and the autobiographical: The essayists that feel most comfortable in this pole "write fragments of reflective autobiography and look at the world through the keyhole of anecdote and description".
The objective, the factual, and the concrete particular: The essayists that write from this pole "do not speak directly of themselves, but turn their attention outward to some literary or scientific or political theme.
Their art consists of setting forth, passing judgment upon, and drawing general conclusions from the relevant data". In this pole "we find those essayists who do their work in the world of high abstractions", who are never personal and who seldom mention the particular facts of experience.
Huxley adds that the most satisfying essays " In English essay first meant "a trial" or "an attempt", and this is still an alternative meaning. The Frenchman Michel de Montaigne — was the first author to describe his work as essays; he used the term to characterize these as "attempts" to put his thoughts into writing, and his essays grew out of his commonplacing.
For the rest of his life, he continued revising previously published essays and composing new ones. Francis Bacon 's essayspublished in book form in, andwere the first works in English that described themselves as essays.
Ben Jonson first used the word essayist in English inaccording to the Oxford English Dictionary. History The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. January Learn how and when to remove this template message Europe English essayists included Robert Burton — and Sir Thomas Browne — In France, Michel de Montaigne 's three volume Essais in the mid s contain over examples widely regarded as the predecessor of the modern essay.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Edmund Burke and Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote essays for the general public. The early 19th century, in particular, saw a proliferation of great essayists in English — William HazlittCharles LambLeigh Hunt and Thomas de Quincey all penned numerous essays on diverse subjects.
In the 20th century, a number of essayists tried to explain the new movements in art and culture by using essays e. Whereas some essayists used essays for strident political themes, Robert Louis Stevenson and Willa Cather wrote lighter essays.2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest/UMI?
Follow the format specified in the most recent edition of the style manual you choose; and – if it is not already required by that style – include the ProQuest/UMI publication number in the References citation.
The Modern Language Association (MLA) claims that more than 1, academic and literary journals use MLA style. The style has been widely adopted throughout the humanities. According to the seventh edition of the "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers," you cite a thesis in an MLA-style bibliography similarly whether it was accessed.
MLA is known as the easiest referencing style. It is usually used at the high school or college level. It was established by the Modern Language Association in order to structure papers.
EndNote is a commercial reference management software package, used to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays and articles.
It is produced . In a change from the previous edition of the MLA Handbook, we do not distinguish between published and unpublished dissertations. To cite a dissertation, include in the entry the author, title, and date of publication as core elements.
Thesis/Dissertation – APA Reference List Capitalization. The document title is in sentence case – Only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. Always capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or a dash.
The title of the thesis or dissertation is in title case – Each word in the name is capitalized, except for articles (a, an, the), .